山东省,简称鲁,省会城市济南。山东为中国东部沿海经济强省,经济发展居全国各省前列,对中国内地经济的贡献有九分之一多。工业门类齐全,已形成能源、纺织、轻工机械、电子、化工、冶金、建材、食品八大支柱产业。农业以粮食生产为主,农林牧渔综合发展,小麦是主要粮食作物,其次是高粱、玉米等。

初步核算,山东2011年实现生产总值(GDP)45429.2亿元,比上年增长10.9%。其中,第一产业增加值3973.8亿元,增长4.0%;第二产业增加值24037.4亿元,增长11.7%;第三产业增加值17418.0亿元,增长11.3%。产业结构调整稳步推进,三次产业比例由上年的9.2:54.2:36.6调整为8.8:52.9:38.3。人均生产总值47260元,增长9.9%.

山东文明可上溯到5000多年前,春秋战国时期属鲁国和齐国领地,曾是商朝活动中心,又有着浓厚的孔孟文化氛围。山东是全国重要的能源基地之一,胜利油田是中国第二大石油基地。山东已形成铁路、公路、航空、水运、管道并举的综合运输体系,公路交通已形成“三纵三横一环”的总框架,为全国高速公路最发达省份;港口密度居全国之首,青岛港成为中国沿海五大港口之一。

 

Shandong province is briefly named Lu, with Jinan as its provincial seat. Shandong is a province of strong economy in the east coastal area of China, with its ranking of economic development among the top positions of all provinces in China and a contribution to Chinese inland economy by more than 1/9. It has a full range of industry categories, with the formation of eight pillar industries: e.g. energy, textile, light industry machinery, electronics, chemical industry, metallurgy, building materials and foodstuff. Shandong’s agriculture is based mainly on the production of grain with comprehensive development of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery. Its main agricultural product is wheat, followed by sorghum, maize, etc.

In 2011, the preliminary account shows Shandong’s GDP totaled to 4542.99 billion Yuan, rose by 10.9% over last year. Of which, the increasing value of the first industry was 397.38 billion Yuan, with a growth rate of 4.0%; the second industry was 2403. 74 billion Yuan, with a growth rate of 11.7%; tertiary industry was 1741.80 billion Yuan, with a growth rate of 11.3%. Adjustment of industry structure was improved steadily. The proportion of the three industries was adjusted to 8.8:52.9:38.3 from 9.2:54.2:36.6 last year. GDP per capital was 47.260 thousand Yuan, with a growth rate of 9.9%.

The civilization of Shandong goes back to over 5000 years. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, the Shandong region was ruled by the Lu State and Qi State. Shandong was the early activity center of Shang Dynasty, and the place with rich cultural ambience of Confucius and Mencius. Shandong is one of the important energy bases in the country, with Shengli Oilfield as the second largest oil base in China. Shandong has formed a comprehensive transportation system, with parallel emphasis on the development of railway, highway, aviation, waterways and pipelines. With the establishment of the transportation framework of “three vertical roads, three horizontal roads, and one ring road”, Shandon boasts the most advanced highway system of the country. The density of ports in Shandong ranks the first in the nation, with Qingdao as one of the top 5 big ports in China.             

秘书长: 蒿峰

副秘书长: 朱茂民 、张忠明 、王旭 、高洪波 、张德宽 、于毅 、司安民 、张传亭 、韩金峰 、马越男

地 址: 山东省济南市省府前街1号

邮 编: 250011

电 话: 0531-86912828

传 真: 0531-86062882

网 址: www.shandong.gov.cn

Secretary General: Hao Feng

Deputy Secretary Generals: Zhu Maomin , Zhang Zhongming , Wang Xu , Gao Hongbo , Zhang Dekuan , Yu Yi , Si Anmin , Zhang Chuanting , Han Jinfeng , Ma Yuenan

Add:No.1 Shengfuqianjie, Ji’nan Shandong

Zip:250011

Tel:0531-86912828

Fax:0531-86062882

URL:www.shandong.gov.cn



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山东是中华文明发祥地之一。目前发现的最早的山东人——“沂源人”,可以把山东的历史上推到四五十万年以前。新石器时代早、中期的滕县北辛文化,距今也有七千年左右。举世闻名的原始社会末期的大汶口文化、龙山文化都是在山东首先发现的。山东是也是古代文化的中心。这里曾产生过许多杰出的思想家、科学家、政治家、军事家、文学家和艺术家。在学术思想方面,以孔子、孟子等为代表;在政治军事方面,孙膑、诸葛亮等为代表;在历史学方面,有左丘明、华峤等为代表;在文学方面,李清照、辛弃疾、蒲松龄等为代表;在艺术方面有王羲之为代表;在科学技术方面,有鲁班为代表;在医学方面,有扁鹊为代表。他们的思想、理论、智慧和学术成就,构成了中国传统文化的重要内容,对中华民族文化的发展产生了广泛而深远的影响。

全省共有7处国家重点风景名胜区、7座国家历史文化名城、1座中国历史文化名村、97处全国重点文物保护单位(包括齐长城和京杭大运河的山东段)、397处省级文物保护单位(含撤销1处)。泰山从这里崛起,黄河从这里入海,孔子从这里诞生,并有充满活力的海岸线,和天下第一泉。

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